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We’ve compiled a list of practical facts regarding windows and the role they play in looks and efficiency:

1. Reduce energy costs

According to the U.S. Department of Energy, inefficient and leaky windows, doors, and skylights are responsible for more than 25% of an average home’s energy bill. You can reduce up to 15% of energy costs when you switch to double-pane insulated glass windows with heat-resistant coatings and Energy Star ratings.

2. Reduce noise

Insulated or double-pane windows with a ¼ inch to 1 inch of air between panes are great for insulating sound. Thicker glass and wider air spaces reduce more noise.

3. Lifespan

Most manufacturers state that windows should be changed after about 20 years of service. Some of the signs that show your windows need replacing include draftiness and glass panes that collect frost, ice, and condensation.

4. Skylights

Windows in the roof or skylights give 30% more light when compared to vertical windows of the same size.

5. Custom Grilles

You can add customized grilles to any standard-size window.  You can have grilles made from a sketch or drawing and special grilles don’t make a big difference in a window’s price. Talk to your local retailer about costs and options.

6. Solid Wood Windows

Wood windows are good insulators against cold and heat. Their downside is the higher cost and the required maintenance. They are also prone to swelling and contracting.

7. Aluminum Windows

Aluminum windows are very strong, practically maintenance free, and affordable. But they do conduct heat and cold so they aren’t recommended for colder climates.

8. Clad Windows

Clad windows are the most expensive type. They feature wood frames inside and vinyl or aluminum outside shell. The wooden inside reduces the transfer of heat and cold whereas the outside shell makes them low-maintenance.

9. Vinyl Windows

Vinyl windows are the most affordable option. They are very low maintenance but their color may fade over time.

10. Composite Windows

Composite windows are more durable and stronger than both vinyl and wood windows. Their cost ranges between the two and they can even be painted to match your home’s decor.

11. Low-E Coatings

Low-emissivity glass reflects heat back to its source due to a thin metallic coating. This helps keep the heat inside the house during the cold months and out of it when it’s hot outside. Low-E coatings also block UV rays while letting 95% of natural light to pass through and reduce energy costs.

12. Glass Treatments

Rather than adding privacy by using window treatments, consider using special glass treatments. Bubbled and frosted glass and glass block provide light but limit the visibility. Ground-level bathrooms are a great place to use them.

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You finally find the car you always wanted, but before you buy it, you need to first sell your old car. Your goal is to get the most money possible so your best option is to sell it yourself. Of course, selling your car yourself comes with many hassles, but if you follow our tips, you should be fine.

1. Representation is everything

The outside and inside of your car is the first thing people will see, so your goal is to make this impression define their final decision. Make it spotless as you’ve never done before and maintain it in this clean condition until it’s finally sold. Now take some high-quality pictures,

2. Set a realistic price

Visit Kelley Blue Book to find the market value of your car and come up with your own reasonable price. If you overprice it, you will either take a long time to sell it or not sell it at all. Also, see what cars similar to your are selling for on the internet.

3. Prepare for questions

You’re going to receive lots of questions about your car, so be prepared to answer them. Prepare all the details regarding your vehicle such as safety features, type of engine, gas mileage, odometer mileage, and so on. If there are any issues with the car, prepare to give more details regarding them.

4. Do the paperwork

Get all your paperwork in order. Find all the service records, title, registration, and so on. It’s also a good idea to get the car serviced, such as an oil change done, breaks and tires inspected. If the car has any unsolved problems, be honest about them.

5. Advertise in the right place

You don’t need to list your car on every possible website. Just pick one or two authoritative car selling sites that you know people in your area use. Some good examples would be Craigslist or Post your car’s specifications, description, and pictures along with your asking price.

6. Don’t meet with buyers at your house

It’s best your potential buyers don’t know where you live so avoid meeting at your house. It’s best to meet at a public place such as a mall parking lot. Also, don’t put your home address in the ad, simply provide the city where you live. This way you won’t get any unannounced visits.

7. Have a safe test-drive

Before letting anyone test drive your car, first check their driver's license. Also, make sure you’re present in the car during the drive. It’s also a good idea to find out if your insurance company will cover accidents that may happen during a test drive with someone else behind the wheel.  

8. Don’t give up too fast

Almost no one will just flat out pay you your asking price. People will try to negotiate. Come up with the absolute lowest price that you’re willing to take and stick to it. Selling a car takes time, so be patient. Of course, if you are in a hurry to sell your car, you can always visit sites that offer cash for cars and sell it that way. Don’t forget to never hand over your keys until you’re paid in full.

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What are stem cells?

Stem cells are cells found mostly in multicellular organisms that are capable of undergoing differentiation to produce more of the same type of cells that they are. They are sometimes described as the raw materials of the body from which new cells are generated. Even outside of the organism’s, given the right conditions in a laboratory; these cells are capable of dividing to produce daughter cells. They are two types, which are:

  • Embryonic Stem Cells (ES cells) which can be found in an early stage of pregnancy which is the pre-implantation embryo.

  • The Adult Stem Cells which can be found throughout the whole of the body after development. They are capable of cell division to replenish dying cells and regenerate damaged tissues.

So what then is stem-cell therapy and why is it so important?

It has been discovered that sperm cells have a large potential to treat a wide range of diseases ranging from cancer to severe pains. In stem plant transplant, the cells from an embryo will be specialized into an adult type cell, and then it will be used to replace a damaged tissue after it has developed. These treatments can include replacement of damaged spinal cords or other neurological problems and also in the production of insulin for diabetic patients.


In theory, there is an endless possibility to the number of diseases that could be treated with the aid of stem cell research. Researchers may be able to study a variety of cell types and produce breakthrough discoveries in medicine and treatment of diseases. But this article will focus on the importance of stem cells in the treatment of back/spine pain.

Stem Cell Therapy for Back Pain.

Regenerative therapies which compass the stem cell treatment can clearly be seen in the future of spine treatments. Still, under massive development, experts in the medical field have already confessed to smelling hope.  

How the regenerative therapy for back pain treatment works.

Stem cell therapy for back pain works by using the patient’s own stem cells, which are extracted aspirating tissues in the patient’s hip bone from the fat cells. The primitive cells that can help heal tissues are identified and separated by centrifugation. The primitive stem cells are then injected into the discs to stimulate healing. These discs where the stem cells are injected are usually the points where the pain emanates from, and the pains can be as a result of damaged tissues needing minor biological repairs. Not long ago, surgery had been the only option to explore to work on a damaged disc, but regenerative medicine has proved a way for reliable treatment without an operative intervention. 


Uterine fibroids may have different localizations and ways of developing. They may show symptoms that bring much discomfort or no symptoms at all. The absence of symptoms is especially common for the intramural type of uterine fibroids. These fibroids are not like the others and have their own specific qualities.

What Is an Intramural Fibroid?

An intramural fibroid is a tumor that develops in the muscular tissue of the uterus. The muscular tissue is known to take up large amount of space. This ability allows it to get the disease spread far in different directions. Bundles can appear singularly here and there or form massive conglomerates. The big ones cause harm not only to the uterus but to the surrounding organs too.

Why Do Intramural Fibroids Appear?

The main provoking factor for intramural fibroids appearance is a hormonal imbalance. But it is not the only reason. Pelvic inflammatory diseases, metabolic disorders and surgical interventions also increase the chances of developing fibroids.

How to Know If You Have an Intramural Fibroid?

Make an appointment with your gynecologist if you experience any of these symptoms:

  1. Your periods have become longer and heavier, with multiple blood clots.

  2. You suffer from period cramps and feel pressure in the lower part of your stomach.

  3. You feel pain in the uterus that spreads over your spine and lower limbs.

  4. You have bleedings between your periods that lead to anemia.

  5. You feel frequent desire to urinate because of the pressure over your bladder.

  6. Your attempts to fertilize fail for a long time.

  7. You have a problem of lymph stagnation in your lower limbs.

  8. You have problems with your bowel movements.

The danger of developing intramural fibroids is that in most cases you notice the symptoms when the tumor is already big enough to press on your organs.

How are Intramural Fibroids Diagnosed?

An average pelvic exam will show the presence of a fibroid in your body. But you will still require additional diagnostics to determine the fibroid localization and size. These may be an ultrasound exam, MRI and hysteroscopy. This helps doctor receive enough information to determine an appropriate treatment strategy.

How to Treat Intramural Fibroids?

Depending on their size and speed of progress, there can be two ways of intramural fibroid treatment. The first is a hormonal treatment; the second is the surgical removal. It can be done by different techniques including arterial embolization, myomectomy, vaporization or hysterectomy.  

How to Prevent the Development of Fibroids?

The biggest preventative measure for intramural (and other) fibroids is a responsible treatment towards your general health. This includes leading a healthy way of life, treating any diseases you may have and controlling your health with the help of regular diagnostics.

Remember! Regular visits to your gynecologist can reveal many serious diseases in the early stages when they are still easily curable. Never allow neglecting treatment to such an important aspect of your life as your intimate health.


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Teeth whitening sounds very simple like any other cosmetic procedure but it is not exactly so. There are so many techniques of teeth whitening, how do you know what is the best option for you? Is it safe for your teeth? We will try to answer those questions in this article.

The first thing you should do if you decided to make your teeth whiter is to consult your dentist. Your doctor knows about this more than you can discover surfing the Internet and can help you choose the option most preferable for your oral conditions. Choosing a procedure without medical supervision may cause you problems with your teeth in future.

Why is it so important? People are different, and their oral conditions are also different. Sometimes,  it’s not required to bleach every tooth in your mouth. In other cases, you have cavities that must be treated before bleaching, because it will weaken them, make them sensitive, and the decay will progress faster.

If you have crowns or fillings in your mouth, there are two options – their bleaching or their replacement. Again the doctor will help you choose what’s best according to your individual conditions. Then it is very important to choose the color you want to have, because the choice of the technique will depend on that too.

The most important thing is too see the REAL color of your teeth. This is why professional cleansing is required. When all the plaque and tartar build-ups will be cleaned, you may be surprised to see that your teeth are whiter than you may think. Some patients even give up the idea of bleaching when they see their natural teeth color.

If it is the gray shade of your teeth you want to get rid of, it may be not the color but enamel transparency. The dark cavity of your mouth is seen through it, this is why your teeth look gray. In this case, a traditional bleaching will not help, you will have to make the enamel less transparent.

As you can see, there are many details about the teeth bleaching and not everything you can figure by yourself. Still, you always have your dentist to help you through.

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Why Treating Your Kid's Teeth Is Better Than Extra

Many parents do not think that the primary teeth treatment is needed. Everybody knows that pediatric dentist services are not cheap. Therefore, they think, why spend money on a treatment of the teeth that will be replaced by constant ones anyway? Let them just stay like this or, if a child suffers from pain or discomfort, extract them. What a smart idea (no).

These attempts to save money may cause their children serious problems in the future. Let us see how it works and why the extraction of primary teeth is the least preferable option, no matter how simple this decision may seem to the parents.

Each primary tooth has a germ of the constant one underneath. This means that each of them has its place to be and it's time to fall out and be replaced. If this order is broken for some reason, this causes the development of malocclusion. How does it happen?

Imagine a situation. A primary tooth is extracted before it is replaced in a natural way. This means that we have an empty space in a child's mouth that won’t be filled anytime soon. The teeth will start moving around from their place to fill it – this is also a natural process. And when the time will come for a constant tooth to appear, its place will be taken by the other tooth that has moved there in this process.

However, dentition is a process that’s impossible to stop. So, the tooth will have to find some other place to appear in, and this is usually a bad thing. It may appear a bit to the side of the teeth row, spoiling the aesthetic look of the smile and sometimes bringing significant discomfort to a child.

The problem of malocclusion is not as innocent as it may seem. First, there is aesthetic issues that for sure will influence the self-esteem of your child in the future Plus, it causes numerous problems like faster wear of other teeth, digestive problems, deformation of face features and even headaches.

Of course, bite correction is available at any dentistry clinic, but it may not only cost more money than the treatment of primary teeth, but also will take much more time and effort. This is why primary teeth should only be extracted when they are impossible to save. And in those cases, the empty space should be filled with a special crown for kids.

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Everybody knows who is a nephrologist. It is a doctor that deals with the diagnostics and treatment of our kidneys. These diseases are very tricky and difficult to diagnose.  Often they show themselves only when the operation is the only option to treat them.

The renal diseases may have an acute chronic form. They occur because of genetic issues or after inflammatory and infectious diseases. One of the difficulties in the diagnostics of renal diseases is the fact that the symptoms of the urogenital and kidney diseases can be very similar. This is why they require urologist’s consultation as well to make sure the diagnosis is correct.  

What symptoms require a visit to the nephrologist?

  1. Anuria. The absence of urination can occur because the kidneys are not working properly. There is a disorder of transferring the urine to the bladder up to the full dysfunction of the process. This pathological state leads to the venous engorgement, body intoxication and excessive strain on the heart.

  2. Oliguria. This is a state when the urine is driven out of the body in a very small amount (400-500 ml per day). This is also harmful for our cardiovascular system.

  3. Polyuria. Here everything is the opposite. The urination is frequent and the amount of urine is big. This may serve as a warning about endocrine problems or a chronic renal insufficiency. Still, such state can sometimes occur because of diuretic drinks.

  4. A pain on one or both sides of the lumbar area.

  5. Hematuria or proteinuria – blood or proteins in urine.

  6. Arterial hypertension. It can be a symptom of the renal failure.

Do you need any preparations to visit your nephrologist? Yes. You must be hungry (not less than 12 hours from the last mealtime). The same with cigarettes and alcohol. Control your consumption of liquid – it must not be excessive. Medications during the day before your visit are also not desirable.

If you are taking a course of medicine that cannot be stopped, inform your nephrologist about it to help the proper diagnostics of your problems.

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There are millions of people suffering from the deformation of great toes. But, modern surgery proposed an effective solution to this problem. It's called cheilectomy. This procedure involves ‘tidying up' the big toe joint to remove excess bone and increase movement. It is usually very successful. Surgery is normally carried out as a day case procedure using open surgery or arthroscopy under a general anesthetic along with an injection around the ankle so that it's numb and pain-free after surgery.


A cheilectomy involves removal of bone spurs that involve the top part of the big toe joint (1st MTP joint). These bone spurs occur as a result of early arthritis of the joint and can cause pain and limited motion of the big toe. The word "cheilectomy" means "the cutting away of a lip of bone."


This procedure is indicated in those with painful, limited motion of the big toe that does not respond to nonsurgical treatment. This is done to allow increased motion through the big toe MTP joint, to decrease shoe wear irritation from the prominence (bump), and to eliminate some early arthritis on the upper surface of the joint.


This procedure is effective only for patients who have arthritis involving the top part (dorsal aspect) of the great toe joint (first MTP joint). While older patients more commonly have arthritis of the big toe, it can be seen in younger adults due to sports trauma or other conditions. In all age groups, the bone spur removal is designed to improve the mobility of the joint.


Some occupations and recreational activities may require this joint mobility, so it is important to advise your surgeon of all activities to discuss realistic expectations of this procedure. The cheilectomy procedure is not indicated in patients with extensive arthritis involving the entire joint.


The recovery process does not take much time. You will be able to return to your normal way of life, for example, driving a car, walking, sports and running. This is usually 2-4 weeks after surgery, possibly longer in some individuals.


Arthritis symptoms usually resolve about one month after surgery. Patients can experience relief for up to 10 years following the surgery. The actual mobility of the joint varies from patient to patient, but most report a satisfactory improvement, with gains in mobility continuing up to a year after surgery.


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Ankle fractures are the most common injuries in the traumatology practice. Mostly it happens as the result of a sports injury. There can be two types of ankle fractures, and both of them require different treatments.

A closed ankle fracture damages the inner tissues in the ankle. Sometimes the hematomas appearance is the only symptom. That is why people underestimate the seriousness of their injury and may visit the doctor only after several weeks of getting injured. Of course, in such cases, the treatment process is long and may be less successful.

An open ankle fracture is much more serious. You can literally see the torn soft tissues and the fractured bone underneath. In addition, the important thing is, if there is a displacement or not. A bone can be broken but the pieces may not have been displaced towards each other. If they have, such fracture is much more dangerous.

If there is a displacement in an open fracture, surgery is the only way to recover. If in cases with a closed fracture or without displacement, the conservative treatment can be successful, in this case, it will not help. The best time for surgery is the first hours after the ankle injury, so emergency medical help is highly recommended.

The main goal of treatment is a reconstruction of the anatomically right space between the bones. It is an essential feature for the proper functioning of an ankle. It can be achieved with the help of conservative treatment, but not all cases. If the goal was not achieved, it must be done with the help of an operation.

When the bones have completely grown together, it is time for rehabilitation. The measures of the recovery include massage and special physical exercises.


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Stay Away From This Food If You Have a Yeast Infec

An important part in the treatment of the yeast infection is a special diet. It may sound absurd but what we eat may influences the disease development a lot. It can boost the multiplication of the candida fungus, or, on the opposite, oppress it. How does this connection work?


The candida fungus is a normal dweller of our body.  It can live in the mouth, in the bowel, in the vagina, and on the skin. A wrong diet interferes with a normal pH level, oppresses the useful microorganisms and boosts the development of the pathogenic ones. A proper diet stimulates the immunity and helps our body replace the “bad guys” by the “good” ones.

The best friends for the pathogenic flora are antibiotics, sweets and carbs, the increased acidity (the consequence of the unhealthy diet), stress and hormonal therapy. All of this influences our metabolic processes negatively. The Brooklyn Gyn Place specialists recommend you to stay away from fast food, sweets, and dough. Even fruits rich in carbs must be limited.

The best food for the yeast infection treatment is vegetables and non-sweet fruits. The way you cook them is also important. Avoid frying; prefer boiling, baking, stewing or eating them raw. A lean fish and meat cooked the same way are also useful. If you eat bread or crops, they must minimally proceed.

Spicy food is unwanted, except garlic, chili pepper and natural herbal spices that have an anti-fungoid effect. Dairy products containing lacto bacteria helps your body build the useful microflora. Any vitamin products, berries, and juices boost the immunity and are a good option.

It is important to exclude such products as alcohol, chocolate, fermented dough, any sweets and products cooked on smoke. Such diet will significantly help your body to fight the infection and get recovered much faster.